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Ceiling

For aviation purpose, a ceiling is the lowest layer of clouds reported as being broken (BKN) or overcast (OVC), or the vertical visibility into an obscuration like fog or haze. Clouds are reported as broken when five-eights to seven-eights of the sky is covered with clouds. If clouds are present but could be distinguished because of obscuring phenomena, the ceiling is reported as obscured (X). A sky condition reported as partially obscured (-X) indicates that some span of the sky or cloud layer is visible through the obscuration. The maximum altitude above sea level at which an aircraft can maintain level flight under Standard Air condition is called Absolute Ceiling. The Service Ceiling is the height at which the rate of climb of any plane has dropped to 100ft. per minute. Current ceiling information is reported by the aviation routine weather report (METAR) an automated weather stations of various types.

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